Weekly Market Overview | December 17, 2018

December 17, 2018 by Peter Sorrentino

There was an air of capitulation in the market last week, as witnessed by the 3.5% decline in the financial sector and the 3.1% decline in energy shares. The growing consensus that the Federal Reserve Bank will alter its approach to monetary policy in 2019, and that OPEC is under new management in the person of Vladimir Putin, likely led investors to abandon the hope for both higher interest rates and crude oil prices. The shift to a defensive posture favoring utilities, now both electric and telecommunications, enabled those two sectors to post slight gains for the week of 0.64% and 0.48%, respectively. For the balance of the market, there were two clear biases as large and growth easily edged out small and value. In the size classification, it was the Russell 1000 Index falling 1.3% to the -2.5% posted by the Russell 2000® Index. In the value versus growth contest, the Russell 1000 Value Index lost 1.8% to the -0.7% registered by the Russell 1000 Growth Index. For the second week in a row, global share prices fared better than the domestic front as the MSCI EAFE® Index fell just 0.9%, while the MSCI Emerging Market Index lost 1%. In commodities, apart from wheat, corn and livestock, prices for energy, and industrial and precious metals all fell. The headline regarding China’s purchase of soybeans fell short of expectations sending them down instead, which is likely why livestock prices were up. Interest rates continue to nudge higher on the short end of the term structure, while the longer-dated rates continue to retreat from the November 8th peak.

The impact of interest rates on the stock market this year has been profound, but not in the classical equities versus debt asset class struggle. No, instead, interest rates are being relied upon as an indicator of future growth and economic health. As illustrated in the first exhibit, stocks did not suffer this year from rising rates. In fact, investors pointed to it as confirmation the economy was healthy and growing. Shares of smaller companies, represented by the Russell 2000® Index, assumed leadership of the market into the summer. As the rise in rates began to falter in recent months, the impact was dramatic and widespread as investors abandoned not only the emerging stock leadership, but equities in general. While the path of least resistance would be to adopt this consensus view, there is a clear and immediate contradiction before us. In the second exhibit, you can see the monthly net issuance of U.S. government debt. This includes Treasury and Agency issuance. There is a seasonal pattern, as each spring, the influx of tax receipts diminishes the government’s need to borrow. In addition, you can clearly see the impact of the financial crisis on debt issuance as the authorities sought to provide liquidity to the markets and boost economic activity. Note at the far right of the graph (Exhibit 2), the frequency at which the monthly issuance has reached or exceeded $200 billion. Projections for 2019 and 2020 call for that to become not the exception, but the baseline. Unless somewhere along the line, the law of supply and demand was repealed, I must believe that rates are going to continue to ratchet higher. The question then will be if this is still good for stocks.

 

Exhibit 1 (Source: Bloomberg)

Exhibit 2 (Source: Bloomberg)

For a PDF version of this publication, click here: 12.17.2018_WeeklyMarketOverview

 

NOTE: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Source: Unless otherwise noted, all statistics herein obtained from Bloomberg.
This is not a complete analysis of every material fact regarding any company, industry or security. The information and materials herein has been obtained from sources we consider to be reliable, but Comerica Wealth Management does not warrant, or guarantee, its completeness or accuracy. Materials prepared by Comerica Wealth Management personnel are based on public information. Facts and views presented in this material have not been reviewed by, and may not reflect information known to, professionals in other business areas of Comerica Wealth Management, including investment banking personnel. The views expressed are those of the author at the time of writing and are subject to change without notice. We do not assume any liability for losses that may result from the reliance by any person upon any such information or opinions. This material has been distributed for general educational/informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice or a recommendation for any particular security, strategy or investment product, or as personalized investment advice. Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss in a declining market. Past performance is no guarantee of future returns. The performance of an index is not an exact representation of any particular investment, as you cannot invest directly in an index. The material is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. The investments and strategies discussed herein may not be suitable for all clients. The material is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, accounting, legal or tax advice, or investment recommendations. Comerica Wealth Management consists of various divisions and affiliates of Comerica Bank, including Comerica Bank & Trust, National Association; World Asset Management, Inc.; Comerica Securities, Inc.; and Comerica Insurance Services, Inc. and its affiliated insurance agencies. World Asset Management, Inc. and Comerica Securities, Inc. are federally registered investment advisors. Registrations do not imply a certain level of skill or training. Comerica Bank and its affiliates do not provide tax or legal advice. Please consult with your tax and legal advisors regarding your specific situation. Non-deposit Investment products offered by Comerica and its affiliates are not insured by the FDIC, are not deposits or other obligations of or guaranteed by Comerica Bank or any of its affiliates, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal invested. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Information presented is for general information only and is subject to change.

The S&P 500® Index, S&P MidCap Index, S&P 600 Index and Dow Jones Wilshire 5000 (collectively, “S&P® Indices”) are products of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC or its affiliates (“SPDJI”) and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC and has been licensed for use by Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates. Standard & Poor’s® and S&P® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”) and Dow Jones® is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC (“Dow Jones”). The trademarks have been licensed to SPDJI and sublicensed for certain purposes by Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates. Nothing herein is sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by SPDJI, Dow Jones, S&P, any of their respective affiliates (collectively, “S&P Dow Jones Indices”) or Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC. Neither S&P Dow Jones Indices nor Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC make any representation or warranty, express or implied, to the owners of the content herein, or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in particular strategies or the ability of any particular strategy to track general market performance. SPDJI and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC only relationship to Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates with respect to the S&P® Indices is the licensing of the Indices and certain trademarks, service marks, and/or trade names of S&P Dow Jones Indices and/or its licensors. The S&P Indices are determined, composed and calculated by S&P Dow Jones Indices or Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC without regard to Comerica Bank and its Affiliates or any of the content herein. S&P Dow Jones Indices and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC have no obligation to take the needs of Comerica and its Affiliates or the owners of any of the content herein into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the S&P Indices. Neither S&P Dow Jones Indices nor Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC are responsible for and have not participated in the determination of the prices, and amount of any particular strategy or the timing of the issuance or sale of any particular strategy or in the determination or calculation of the equation by which any particular strategy is to be converted into cash, surrendered or redeemed, as the case may be. S&P Dow Jones Indices and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC have no obligation or liability in connection with the administration, marketing or trading of any particular strategy. There is no assurance that any particular investment product based on the S&P Indices will accurately track index performance or provide positive investment returns. SPDJI is not an investment advisor. Inclusion of a security within an index is not a recommendation by S&P Dow Jones Indices to buy, sell, or hold such security, nor is it considered to be investment advice.

NEITHER S&P DOW JONES INDICES NOR STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC GUARANTEES THE ADEQUACY, ACCURACY, TIMELINESS AND/OR THE COMPLETENESS OF THE WAM STRATEGIES OR ANY DATA RELATED THERETO OR ANY COMMUNICATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ORAL OR WRITTEN COMMUNCATION (INCLUDING ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS) WITH RESPECT THERETO. S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC SHALL NOT BE SUBJECT TO ANY DAMAGES OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR DELAYS THEREIN. S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, OR MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE OR AS TO RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED BY COMERICA AND ITS AFFILIATES, OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY FROM THE USE OF THE S&P INDICES OR WITH RESPECT TO ANY DATA RELATED THERETO. WITHOUT LIMITING ANY OF THE FOREGOING, IN NO EVENT WHATSOEVER SHALL S&P DOW JONES INDICES OR STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS, TRADING LOSSES, LOST TIME OR GOODWILL, EVEN IF THEY HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE. THERE ARE NO THIRD-PARTY BENEFICIARIES OF ANY AGREEMENTS OR ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND COMERICA AND ITS AFFILIATES, OTHER THAN THE LICENSORS OF S&P DOW JONES INDICES.

“Russell 2000® Index” is a trademark of Russell Investments, licensed for use by Comerica Bank and World Asset Management, Inc. The source of all returns is Russell Investments. Further redistribution of information is strictly prohibited.

MSCI EAFE® is a trade mark of Morgan Stanley Capital International, Inc. (“MSCI”).

FTSE International Limited (“FTSE”) © FTSE 2016. FTSE® is a trade mark of London Stock Exchange Plc and The Financial Times Limited and is used by FTSE under license. All rights in the FTSE Indices vest in FTSE and/or its licensors. Neither FTSE nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the FTSE Indices or underlying data.

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Weekly Market Overview | December 10, 2018

December 10, 2018 by Peter Sorrentino

Last week was a case of the meek inheriting the earth, or at least market leadership. Shares of the major utility companies were a rare bright spot, advancing 3.07% last week, as falling interest rates and stock prices in general sent investors in search of comparative calm. The flattening of the term structure of interest rates, or the yield curve, dimmed the prospects for lenders, while falling share prices dampened investor enthusiasm for asset management companies. These two groups comprise most of the financial services sector, leading to its loss of 6.41% last week. The lack of follow through on trade and growing concern over the economic health of Europe continued to haunt the industrial and materials stocks, dragging the two down 5.3% and 4.7%, respectively. By Friday’s closing bell, it mattered little if your portfolio was growth or value, as both fell about 3.5%. Size was a factor last week, and with the volume of selling putting a premium on liquidity, price declines grew in inverse proportion to a company’s capitalization. In other asset classes, we experienced positive returns for commodities, as energy and precious metals gained over 3%, while prices for grains picked up 2%. Livestock and industrial metal prices were largely unchanged last week. International and emerging markets were not immune to last week’s declines, but they suffered far smaller declines with the MSCI EAFE® Index off 2.27%, while the MSCI Emerging Market Index slipped 1.24%.

Financial markets are supposed to be efficient and all-knowing, so for those of us who are students of the market, it seems that there is something of a generational amnesia that occurs. Case in point being the similarities between 2018 and 1994. Not a perfect correlation to be sure, but to quote Samuel Clemens, it does rhyme. In Exhibits 1-4, I have plotted out the shift in the yield curve from both years, and we see the familiar flatting of the curve through the year due, in large part, to the shifting up of short term rates. The impact on equity prices, too, appears to be together with volatility – a hallmark for both periods. Here’s the thing, if inverted yield curves and market corrections are harbingers of recessions, how is it that GDP growth in 1995 was 2.7% and 3.8% in 1996? Could we have a recession in the U.S.? Of course, we can. There are plenty of external shocks that could impact us. But the prospects of a self-inflicted one remain fairly contained. For the moment, the outperformance of health care and utility stocks informs us that most investors are fearful, and what was it Warren Buffet said about others being fearful?

Exhibit 1 (Source: Bloomberg)

Exhibit 2 (Source: Bloomberg)

Exhibit 3 (Source: Bloomberg)

Exhbiit 4 (Source: Bloomberg)

For a PDF version of this publication, click here: 12.10.2018_WeeklyMarketOverview

 

NOTE: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Source: Unless otherwise noted, all statistics herein obtained from Bloomberg.
This is not a complete analysis of every material fact regarding any company, industry or security. The information and materials herein has been obtained from sources we consider to be reliable, but Comerica Wealth Management does not warrant, or guarantee, its completeness or accuracy. Materials prepared by Comerica Wealth Management personnel are based on public information. Facts and views presented in this material have not been reviewed by, and may not reflect information known to, professionals in other business areas of Comerica Wealth Management, including investment banking personnel. The views expressed are those of the author at the time of writing and are subject to change without notice. We do not assume any liability for losses that may result from the reliance by any person upon any such information or opinions. This material has been distributed for general educational/informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice or a recommendation for any particular security, strategy or investment product, or as personalized investment advice. Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss in a declining market. Past performance is no guarantee of future returns. The performance of an index is not an exact representation of any particular investment, as you cannot invest directly in an index. The material is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. The investments and strategies discussed herein may not be suitable for all clients. The material is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, accounting, legal or tax advice, or investment recommendations. Comerica Wealth Management consists of various divisions and affiliates of Comerica Bank, including Comerica Bank & Trust, National Association; World Asset Management, Inc.; Comerica Securities, Inc.; and Comerica Insurance Services, Inc. and its affiliated insurance agencies. World Asset Management, Inc. and Comerica Securities, Inc. are federally registered investment advisors. Registrations do not imply a certain level of skill or training. Comerica Bank and its affiliates do not provide tax or legal advice. Please consult with your tax and legal advisors regarding your specific situation. Non-deposit Investment products offered by Comerica and its affiliates are not insured by the FDIC, are not deposits or other obligations of or guaranteed by Comerica Bank or any of its affiliates, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal invested. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Information presented is for general information only and is subject to change.

The S&P 500® Index, S&P MidCap Index, S&P 600 Index and Dow Jones Wilshire 5000 (collectively, “S&P® Indices”) are products of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC or its affiliates (“SPDJI”) and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC and has been licensed for use by Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates. Standard & Poor’s® and S&P® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”) and Dow Jones® is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC (“Dow Jones”). The trademarks have been licensed to SPDJI and sublicensed for certain purposes by Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates. Nothing herein is sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by SPDJI, Dow Jones, S&P, any of their respective affiliates (collectively, “S&P Dow Jones Indices”) or Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC. Neither S&P Dow Jones Indices nor Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC make any representation or warranty, express or implied, to the owners of the content herein, or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in particular strategies or the ability of any particular strategy to track general market performance. SPDJI and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC only relationship to Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates with respect to the S&P® Indices is the licensing of the Indices and certain trademarks, service marks, and/or trade names of S&P Dow Jones Indices and/or its licensors. The S&P Indices are determined, composed and calculated by S&P Dow Jones Indices or Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC without regard to Comerica Bank and its Affiliates or any of the content herein. S&P Dow Jones Indices and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC have no obligation to take the needs of Comerica and its Affiliates or the owners of any of the content herein into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the S&P Indices. Neither S&P Dow Jones Indices nor Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC are responsible for and have not participated in the determination of the prices, and amount of any particular strategy or the timing of the issuance or sale of any particular strategy or in the determination or calculation of the equation by which any particular strategy is to be converted into cash, surrendered or redeemed, as the case may be. S&P Dow Jones Indices and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC have no obligation or liability in connection with the administration, marketing or trading of any particular strategy. There is no assurance that any particular investment product based on the S&P Indices will accurately track index performance or provide positive investment returns. SPDJI is not an investment advisor. Inclusion of a security within an index is not a recommendation by S&P Dow Jones Indices to buy, sell, or hold such security, nor is it considered to be investment advice.

NEITHER S&P DOW JONES INDICES NOR STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC GUARANTEES THE ADEQUACY, ACCURACY, TIMELINESS AND/OR THE COMPLETENESS OF THE WAM STRATEGIES OR ANY DATA RELATED THERETO OR ANY COMMUNICATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ORAL OR WRITTEN COMMUNCATION (INCLUDING ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS) WITH RESPECT THERETO. S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC SHALL NOT BE SUBJECT TO ANY DAMAGES OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR DELAYS THEREIN. S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, OR MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE OR AS TO RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED BY COMERICA AND ITS AFFILIATES, OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY FROM THE USE OF THE S&P INDICES OR WITH RESPECT TO ANY DATA RELATED THERETO. WITHOUT LIMITING ANY OF THE FOREGOING, IN NO EVENT WHATSOEVER SHALL S&P DOW JONES INDICES OR STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS, TRADING LOSSES, LOST TIME OR GOODWILL, EVEN IF THEY HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE. THERE ARE NO THIRD-PARTY BENEFICIARIES OF ANY AGREEMENTS OR ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND COMERICA AND ITS AFFILIATES, OTHER THAN THE LICENSORS OF S&P DOW JONES INDICES.

“Russell 2000® Index” is a trademark of Russell Investments, licensed for use by Comerica Bank and World Asset Management, Inc. The source of all returns is Russell Investments. Further redistribution of information is strictly prohibited.

MSCI EAFE® is a trade mark of Morgan Stanley Capital International, Inc. (“MSCI”).

FTSE International Limited (“FTSE”) © FTSE 2016. FTSE® is a trade mark of London Stock Exchange Plc and The Financial Times Limited and is used by FTSE under license. All rights in the FTSE Indices vest in FTSE and/or its licensors. Neither FTSE nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the FTSE Indices or underlying data.

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Weekly Market Overview | December 3, 2018

December 3, 2018 by Peter Sorrentino

Domestic and foreign markets staged an impressive rebound upon returning from the Thanksgiving weekend. The week saw reasonably good news from the G-20 summit, despite the tensions over Russia and Ukraine. Federal Reserve Chairman Powell spoke, and despite using the exact same phrase as his predecessors, “We are data dependent,” Fed observers declared the chairman has blinked and has begun rolling down rate hike forecasts. This reverberated through both equity and bond prices, as the ten-year Treasury rallied, sending the yield back below 3% to close the week at 2.988%. This led to a resurgence among the large-cap growth stocks, sending the NASDAQ Index up 5.64% and the S&P 500® Index up 4.71%. It was a good week all around as international markets were higher as well, with the MSCI EAFE® up 0.95% and the MSCI Emerging Market Index up 2.74%, led by the 3.25% gain for the Nikkei and the 2.25% gain for the Hang Seng. Among domestic stocks, all sectors turned in positive results last week, led by health care (+6.97%), technology (+6.02%) and consumer discretionary (+5.85%). Commodity markets were mixed, as grain prices added roughly 3%, and precious metals declined slightly, while industrial metals and energy prices were fractionally higher.

With the recent focus on trade, energy and stock prices, it would not be surprising for investors to have missed the brewing bond market storm. The Sears bankruptcy filing and mounting concern regarding the financial health of General Electric are the early warning signs for bond investors. In Exhibit 1, you can see the change in yield differential between U.S. Treasury rates and those of triple B corporate debt since the start of the quarter. Even though Treasury yields have declined, corporate yields are moving higher. We are encouraging investors to reduce credit and term risk; stretching for yield should be avoided.

Exhibit 1 (Source: Bloomberg)

For a PDF version of this publication, click here: 12.03.2018_WeeklyMarketOverview

 

NOTE: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Source: Unless otherwise noted, all statistics herein obtained from Bloomberg.
This is not a complete analysis of every material fact regarding any company, industry or security. The information and materials herein has been obtained from sources we consider to be reliable, but Comerica Wealth Management does not warrant, or guarantee, its completeness or accuracy. Materials prepared by Comerica Wealth Management personnel are based on public information. Facts and views presented in this material have not been reviewed by, and may not reflect information known to, professionals in other business areas of Comerica Wealth Management, including investment banking personnel. The views expressed are those of the author at the time of writing and are subject to change without notice. We do not assume any liability for losses that may result from the reliance by any person upon any such information or opinions. This material has been distributed for general educational/informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice or a recommendation for any particular security, strategy or investment product, or as personalized investment advice. Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss in a declining market. Past performance is no guarantee of future returns. The performance of an index is not an exact representation of any particular investment, as you cannot invest directly in an index. The material is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. The investments and strategies discussed herein may not be suitable for all clients. The material is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, accounting, legal or tax advice, or investment recommendations. Comerica Wealth Management consists of various divisions and affiliates of Comerica Bank, including Comerica Bank & Trust, National Association; World Asset Management, Inc.; Comerica Securities, Inc.; and Comerica Insurance Services, Inc. and its affiliated insurance agencies. World Asset Management, Inc. and Comerica Securities, Inc. are federally registered investment advisors. Registrations do not imply a certain level of skill or training. Comerica Bank and its affiliates do not provide tax or legal advice. Please consult with your tax and legal advisors regarding your specific situation. Non-deposit Investment products offered by Comerica and its affiliates are not insured by the FDIC, are not deposits or other obligations of or guaranteed by Comerica Bank or any of its affiliates, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal invested. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Information presented is for general information only and is subject to change.

The S&P 500® Index, S&P MidCap Index, S&P 600 Index and Dow Jones Wilshire 5000 (collectively, “S&P® Indices”) are products of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC or its affiliates (“SPDJI”) and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC and has been licensed for use by Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates. Standard & Poor’s® and S&P® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”) and Dow Jones® is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC (“Dow Jones”). The trademarks have been licensed to SPDJI and sublicensed for certain purposes by Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates. Nothing herein is sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by SPDJI, Dow Jones, S&P, any of their respective affiliates (collectively, “S&P Dow Jones Indices”) or Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC. Neither S&P Dow Jones Indices nor Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC make any representation or warranty, express or implied, to the owners of the content herein, or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in particular strategies or the ability of any particular strategy to track general market performance. SPDJI and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC only relationship to Comerica Bank, on behalf of itself and its Affiliates with respect to the S&P® Indices is the licensing of the Indices and certain trademarks, service marks, and/or trade names of S&P Dow Jones Indices and/or its licensors. The S&P Indices are determined, composed and calculated by S&P Dow Jones Indices or Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC without regard to Comerica Bank and its Affiliates or any of the content herein. S&P Dow Jones Indices and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC have no obligation to take the needs of Comerica and its Affiliates or the owners of any of the content herein into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the S&P Indices. Neither S&P Dow Jones Indices nor Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC are responsible for and have not participated in the determination of the prices, and amount of any particular strategy or the timing of the issuance or sale of any particular strategy or in the determination or calculation of the equation by which any particular strategy is to be converted into cash, surrendered or redeemed, as the case may be. S&P Dow Jones Indices and Standard & Poor’s Financial Services, LLC have no obligation or liability in connection with the administration, marketing or trading of any particular strategy. There is no assurance that any particular investment product based on the S&P Indices will accurately track index performance or provide positive investment returns. SPDJI is not an investment advisor. Inclusion of a security within an index is not a recommendation by S&P Dow Jones Indices to buy, sell, or hold such security, nor is it considered to be investment advice.

NEITHER S&P DOW JONES INDICES NOR STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC GUARANTEES THE ADEQUACY, ACCURACY, TIMELINESS AND/OR THE COMPLETENESS OF THE WAM STRATEGIES OR ANY DATA RELATED THERETO OR ANY COMMUNICATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ORAL OR WRITTEN COMMUNCATION (INCLUDING ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS) WITH RESPECT THERETO. S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC SHALL NOT BE SUBJECT TO ANY DAMAGES OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR DELAYS THEREIN. S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, OR MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE OR AS TO RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED BY COMERICA AND ITS AFFILIATES, OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY FROM THE USE OF THE S&P INDICES OR WITH RESPECT TO ANY DATA RELATED THERETO. WITHOUT LIMITING ANY OF THE FOREGOING, IN NO EVENT WHATSOEVER SHALL S&P DOW JONES INDICES OR STANDARD & POOR’S FINANCIAL SERVICES, LLC BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS, TRADING LOSSES, LOST TIME OR GOODWILL, EVEN IF THEY HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE. THERE ARE NO THIRD-PARTY BENEFICIARIES OF ANY AGREEMENTS OR ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND COMERICA AND ITS AFFILIATES, OTHER THAN THE LICENSORS OF S&P DOW JONES INDICES.

“Russell 2000® Index” is a trademark of Russell Investments, licensed for use by Comerica Bank and World Asset Management, Inc. The source of all returns is Russell Investments. Further redistribution of information is strictly prohibited.

MSCI EAFE® is a trade mark of Morgan Stanley Capital International, Inc. (“MSCI”).

FTSE International Limited (“FTSE”) © FTSE 2016. FTSE® is a trade mark of London Stock Exchange Plc and The Financial Times Limited and is used by FTSE under license. All rights in the FTSE Indices vest in FTSE and/or its licensors. Neither FTSE nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the FTSE Indices or underlying data.

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