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Arizona Addresses Poverty and Education

November 15, 2016
By Daniel Sanabria

Arizona’s economic rebound in the second half of the year has been more muted than originally thought. Arizona job growth continues to move in the right direction, but recent data has us dialing back our expectations for next year. Construction employment continued its win streak with above-trend growth, up 9.2 percent in the 12 months ending in September. This is following strong new home construction throughout Arizona. The much larger services sector is growing at a more moderate pace. Arizona economic growth will outpace the U.S. average over the next few years. However, we expect Arizona, much like the rest of the nation, to experience slower growth in the quarters ahead than historical averages.

Hurdles for the Arizona economy in the long run are household income and education attainment, which impact the propensity to spend and the access to qualified workers. According to the Census Bureau, Arizona had the eighth highest poverty rate in the nation in 2015, with 17.4 percent of people in the state living below the poverty level. The state legislature is attempting to address these issues. In November, voters passed Proposition 206 which incrementally increases the state’s minimum wage from the current rate of $8.05 per hour to $12.00 per hour by 2020, increasing with the U.S. Consumer Price Index thereafter. The law also guarantees paid sick leave to workers of non-exempted businesses and is expected to impact around 700,000 workers. Earlier this year, Arizona also passed Proposition 123, increasing education funding by $3.5 billion over the next 10 years.

For a PDF version of the complete Arizona Economic Outlook, click here: AZ Outlook 112016.